The executive summary presents an overview of the main findings of Environmental Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of the project of construction of Central Asia South Asia Electricity Transmission and Trade Project (CASA- 1000).
The proposed CASA-1000 project will facilitate the first electricity trade of 1,300 megawatts (MW) of existing summertime hydropower surplus between the two regions, involving the Kyrgyz Republic and Tajikistan in Central Asia and Afghanistan and Pakistan in South Asia. The project would contribute to alleviating power supply shortages in Pakistan and it consists of the construction and operation of transmission infrastructure in the Afghanistan as it facilitates the transfer of power to Pakistan.
The Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan has been allocated grant funds (the “Grant”) from World Bank which are administered by IDA and executed by Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (the Executing Agency).
The CASA-1000 Project consists of the construction and operation of high voltage transmission infrastructure, A 560 km 500 KV HVDC line from Tajik-Afghan Border point to Torkham, the border point between Afghanistan and Pakistan. The transmission line will pass through seven provinces (Kunduz, Baghlan, Kapisa, Panjsher, Kabul, Laghman and Nangarhar) and 35 Districts of Afghanistan. For ease of construction, the transmission line has been divided into three sections (lots); Lot 1: This section passes through two provinces (Kunduz, Baghlan) and its length is 108.577 km. It starts at Sher Khan at Afghanistan-Tajikistan border and ends at Puli Hisar district in Baghlan province. It includes 122 angle points and contract for its construction has been allotted to M/s.Kalpataru Power Transmission Limited (KPTL), India Lot 1. Lot 2: This section traverses through two provinces (Panjshir, Kapisa) and its length is 189.33 km. It starts from Hesa Awal Kohistan district and terminates in Tagab district. It consists of 266 angle points and contract for its construction has been allotted to M/s KEC International Limited India Lot 3: This section traverses through three provinces (Kabul, Laghman, Nangarhar) and its length is 183.167 km. It consists of 182 angle points and contract for its construction has been allotted to M/s KEC International Limited India.
Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) of Central Asia South Asia Electricity Transmission and Trade Project (CASA- 1000) is the requirement of World Bank Operational Policy. ESIA of the said project has been prepared by the DA Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat (DABS), through (International Consultant) M/s International Development Consultants (IDC) Joint Venture of Tawhid Social & Development Organization (National Consultant).
ESIA of CASA 1000 is the requirement of World Bank Operational Policy. The Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat, the Executing Agency (EA) is responsible for the approval of ESIA including environment and social management plan (s) from a technical and administrative point of view and also needs to secure WB no objection. The Afghan national legislation and regulations require the project proponents to conduct environmental and social impact assessment of the proposed project and obtain approval from the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA), before initiating the project.
Category of the Project
Project CASA 1000 expected to have significant adverse social and/or environmental impacts that are diverse, irreversible or unprecedented in nature. The Project falls into Category A as per World Bank guidelines.
Objectives of Environmental and Social Impact Assessment
- Assess the potential environmental and social impacts of the project in the areas of implementation,
- Compare the impacts in relation to relevant national and World Bank requirements and guidelines,
- Develop an environmental and social management framework for mitigation of the potentially negative impacts and for monitoring compliance with relevant environmental laws, and
- Hold public consultations ensure that all relevant stakeholders are provided with the opportunity to express their concerns and opinions, which are incorporated as early as possible in the project development
Cost and Timeline
The construction is expected to start in September 2019 and will take 36 months to complete. The warranty period is 24 months from the commissioning of the transmission line. The construction cost is about USD 234 million.